According to the critics of Islam, the following verse from the Quran proves that it holds two females in worth to one man:
O ye who believe! When ye deal with each other, in transactions involving future obligations in a fixed period of time, reduce them to writing Let a scribe write down faithfully as between the parties: let not the scribe refuse to write: as Allah Has taught him, so let him write. Let him who incurs the liability dictate, but let him fear His Lord Allah, and not diminish aught of what he owes. If they party liable is mentally deficient, or weak, or unable Himself to dictate, Let his guardian dictate faithfully, and get two witnesses, out of your own men, and if there are not two men, then a man and two women, such as ye choose, for witnesses, so that if one of them errs, the other can remind her. (2:255)
So their claim is that the above verse commands the Muslims to get one male witness, and TWO female witnesses, hence a female is worth half a man and this is inequality.
To begin with, nowhere in the above verse does it say you should get two female witnesses because a female is worth half a man, or that two females equals the worth of one man. I just posted the verse for you, you can read it again for yourself, and you will see that it never says such a thing.
Interestingly enough the Quran does give us the reason as to why it stipulated such a ruling, and the reason is as follows:
and if there are not two men, then a man and two women, such as ye choose, for witnesses, so that if one of them errs, the other can remind her.
So the reason for having two females is incase one of them makes a mistake! So if one commits an error or forgets something, the other female can simply help her out, hence this ruling is simply a means of convenience and help for the lady! If the main female witness does not commit any mistakes or errors, then the second female will not be needed, and the witness of the main female will be good enough, essentially the other female is just there to HELP HER OUT INCASE OF A MISTAKE, if no mistake, then no problem.
Secondly, there is a context to this verse, as we read from the start of the passage, this is referring to CONTRACTUAL dealings, so if you are going to write out a contract concerning debts, then you must do it according to the following procedure. At the time of revelation, women were not really experts or that knowledgeable in the field of business contracts etc, it was not their area of expertise, and this is precisely why the Quran allocated them more help!
Thirdly, if none of this satisfies the critic, then let us completely refute his argument that two females equal the worth of one man. According to the Quran, if a husband accuses his wife of adultery, and he has no witnesses, then he himself counts as the four witnesses, and he must make a fifth oath in which he invokes the curse of God upon himself if he is lying. Likewise, the wife can claim her innocence by testifying four times that she is free of his claim, and then she makes a fifth oath invoking the curse of God if she is lying. Hence her testimony alone is enough to throw his accusation out, and is enough to absolve her of the claim, and is enough to prove her innocent. Her own testimony trumps that of the male husband! Her own testimony holds more importance and weight than his, because the entire case depends on her testimony, if she declares herself free of the accusation, then there is no case and she is free!
The Quran makes this very clear:
As for those who accuse their wives but have no witnesses except themselves; let the testimony of one of them be four testimonies, (swearing) by Allah that he is of those who speak the truth; And the fifth (oath) (should be) that they solemnly invoke the curse of Allah on themselves if they tell a lie. But it would avert the punishment from the wife, if she bears witness four times (with an oath) By Allah, that (her husband) is telling a lie; And the fifth (oath) should be that she solemnly invokes the wrath of Allah on herself if (her accuser) is telling the truth. (24:6-9)
So the above completely debunks the critics argument, if the testimony and worth of a female was half of that to a man, then the accusation of the husband would be enough to pronounce her guilt, even if she rejected the accusation, yet we find that her testimony ALONE is enough to absolve her of any accusation and is enough to throw his own claim out the window.
So in conclusion, nowhere in the Quran does it state that the testimony of a female is worth half a man, this is a figment of the imagination for the critic of Islam!
And Allah Knows Best!
Categories: MDI UK