As well as Hamas bunkers and rocket launching facilities, civilian homes, schools and hospitals have all been hit.
About half of Gaza’s 1.8 million people are children under the age of 18.
In a territory that measures only 25 miles in length and seven in width at its broadest point, civilians have not been able to escape the fighting.
As a result, children comprise a quarter of the total Palestinian dead.
In all, 536 have been killed since the onset of Israel’s offensive on July 8, according to the Al-Mezan Centre for Human Rights in Gaza.
The name, age, gender, and location and date of death are listed above for 504 Palestinian child victims. The list will be updated.
Hamas rockets killed one Israeli child, four-year-old Daniel Tregerman.