Category: History

Islamic Spain

“Judaism probably welcomed the conquest of Spain by the Muslims in 711. With the Muslim conquest began a Golden Age of freedom and tolerance for Jews. They freely entered the fields of government, science, medicine, and literature.”  Lewis Hopfe, ‘Religions of the World’, New Jersey: Prentice Hall, 1998. “Muslims entered […]

Muslim-Christian Debate in Abbasid Baghdad

I have just come across a fascinating account of Christians living in the third/ninth century Abbasid Baghdad to be found in the work of Muslim theologian Abu Uthman al-Jahiz (died 255/869) in a letter he wrote to some Muslim friends who had asked for his help against a […]